Islamabad, August 06, 2017: Considering corruption being mother of all evils, National Accountability Bureau (NAB) was established in 1999 as Pakistan's apex anti-corruption organization which operates under National Accountability Ordinance-1999 which is extended to whole of Pakistan including FATA and Gilgit Baltistan. NAB has its Headquarter in Islamabad and it has eight regional offices located Rawalpindi/Islamabad, Lahore, Multan, Sukkur, Gilgit Balistan, Quetta, Peshawar and Karachi.
NAB under the present leadership of Mr. Qamar Zaman Chaudhry, Chairman NAB had chalked out a comprehensive and proactive and holistic National Anti-Corruption Strategy of Awareness, Prevention and Enforcement in order to revamp NAB and to root out corruption from the country by making all the public and private institutions to serve the nation with best of its abilities on merit. NAB during the period of present management almost more than three years have received Rs. 50 billion from corrupt and deposited in national exchequer which is a record achievement. The figures of complaints, inquiries and investigations are almost double as compared to the same period of 2014 to 2017. The comparative figures for the latest two and half years are indicative of the hard work being put in by all ranks of NAB staff in an atmosphere of renewed energy and dynamism, where fight against corruption is being taken as a national duty. Increase in the number of complaints also reflects enhanced public trusted in the NAB.
NABís operational methodology comprises of complaint verification, inquiry and investigation. NABís officers/officials need to follow strict Code of Conduct/SOPs and merit according to law. Starting from the year 2014 which can be called basically a year of reinvigoration of NAB, we have moved with new zeal and effort. During the tenure of present management of NAB, the overall convection ratio in respective accountability courts is about 76 percent which is excellent as compared any other anti corruption agency.
NAB has established its first Forensic Science Lab (FSL) in NAB Rawalpindi which has facilities of Digital Forensics, Questioned Documents and Fingerprint Analysis. NAB has rationalized its workload and timelines have been prescribed for efficient, effective and expeditious disposal of cases putting a maximum limit of 10 months - from complaint verification-to-inquiry-to-investigation and finally to a reference in the Accountability Court. NAB has also introduced a new System of Combine Investigation Team (CIT) in order to benefit from the experience and collective wisdom of senior supervisory officers, a system of CIT comprising of Director, Additional Director, Investigation Officer and a Senior Legal Counsel has been put in place. This is not only lending quality to the work but also ensuring that no single individual can influence the official proceedings of NAB.
As per the latest report of Transparency International (TI) of 2016, Pakistanís ranking in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) has improved plus 9 points, adding that Pakistan was considering role model in South Asian countries in its efforts against corruption. This is a great achievement for Pakistan due to NAB efforts. The Corruption Perception Index (CPI) in the Pakistan as per Transparency International (TI), report was declining after 2013 due to steps taken by the present management of NAB against the corrupt. Besides Transparency International, the Independent National and International watch dogs like PLIDAT and World Economic Forum had also appreciated Pakistanís efforts to curb corruption in Pakistan. NAB in collaboration with HEC signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in 2014 and in a very short span of time established over 45, 000 Character Building Societies (CBSs) in the country in universities/ colleges and schools to create awareness against corruption.
Under the leadership of Mr. Qamar Zaman Chaudhry, Chairman NAB, NAB has undertaken a number of strategic initiatives aimed at rejuvenation of the organization. The Organogram was revisited to transform NAB into an efficient and responsive organization. NAB has devised a Quantifiable Grading System (QGS) to monitor the performance of all Regions of NAB on annual basis. From 2015, under Quantifiable Grading System (QGS) NAB is monitoring the performance of all regional NABís and NAB headquarter on annual basis in order to know the strengths and weaknesses of NAB regional Bureaus. NAB has also introduced Internal Accountability Mechanism (IAM) System. Till todate out of 84 officers/officials, 23 officers have been imposed major penalty which is removal from service and 34 have been received minor penalties. This is a record that any organization has initiated Accountability Process within its organization at its own.
NAB has developed an effective Monitoring and Evaluation System (MES) catering the needs of all concerned having salient features of maintenance of data at each stage including complaint entry, complaint verification, inquiry, investigation, prosecution stage and record preservation of Regional Board Meetings and Executive Board Meetings including case brief, decisions made and list of participants attended the meeting with time & date and setting up of an effective Monitoring and Evaluation System and ability to analyze data in qualitative and quantitative form having warnings and alarms system for violators. A pilot Project of NAB Rawalpindi was completed. He said that the outcome of the pilot project of NAB Rawalpindi is being shared with all Regional Bureaus with the directions to replicate it in all regional bureaus of NAB for effective monitoring and evaluation to implement MES system across NAB in order to further improve the working of NAB.
NAB had hosted the first SAARC Seminar in Islamabad where the heads of SAARC anti-corruption authorities agreed to the creation of SAARC Anti Corruption Forum. Pakistan was elected as first Chairman of SAARC anti Corruption Forum. This is a major achievement both for the NAB as well as the Government. NAB on bilateral cooperation, has signed a MoU with China to streamline and structure and cooperation in the fields of anti-corruption. In the context of CPEC this cooperation will further boost confidence in projects undertaken in Pakistan. Another MoU with NCA, UK and with Malaysia will be signed in order to enhance cooperation on the basis of lessons learnt and capacity building of NAB Investigation Officers and Prosecutors. Details are being worked out.
It is encouraging for NAB that the Planning Commission of Pakistan has made Anti-Corruption part of development agenda which in the context of Governance and included a chapter devoted to issues of corruption in the 11th five year plan in order to achieve the goals set in the 11th five years plan for eradication of corruption which is great achievement for NAB.
On the directions of Mr. Qamar Zaman Chaudhry, Chairman NAB, NAB has started Awareness and Prevention Campaign besides Enforcement drive in order to arrest corrupt and recover from them hard earned looted money of innocent people and also aware people through its Awareness and Prevention campaign under section 33C of NAO 1999 about the ill effects of corruption. NAB has constituted more 60 Prevention Committee in the countries including Prevention Committee on Religious Affairs, Revenue, PID, CDA and Housing Society in order to identify loopholes and proposed workable recommendations in consultations with all stakeholders. NAB has also been engaging different Governmental and Non-Governmental Organizations and civil society in fight against corruption as Chairman NAB strongly believes in eradication of corruption by adopting Zero Tolerance Policy across the country without any fear and favor. NAB hopes that joint efforts of all stakeholders can collaborate to check corruption and corrupt practices before happening with the help of all stakeholders, civil society, media and people at large.