Islamabad, April 16, 2017: Considering corruption being mother of all evils, National Accountability Bureau (NAB) was established in 1999 as Pakistan's apex anti-corruption organization which is assigned with the responsibility of elimination of corruption through a holistic approach of awareness, prevention and enforcement. It operates under the National Accountability Ordinance-1999 which is extended to whole of Pakistan including FATA and Gilgit Baltistan. NAB has its Headquarters in Islamabad while it has eight regional offices, says a press release.
NAB under the present leadership of Mr. Qamar Zaman Chaudhry, Chairman NAB had chalked out a comprehensive and proactive strategy National Anti-Corruption Strategy (NACS) of Awareness, Prevention and Enforcement. The purpose of NABís efforts is to root out corruption from the country and make all the public and private institutions to serve the general public on merit , having no complaint of Ďbribe or greedí against them from the public. NAB during the period of present management almost two and half years have received Rs. 45 billion from corrupt and deposited in national exchequer which is a record achievement. The figures of complaints, inquiries and investigations are almost double as compared to the same period of 2015 to 2016. The comparative figures for the latest two and half years are indicative of the hard work being put in by all ranks of NAB staff in an atmosphere of renewed energy and dynamism, where fight against corruption is being taken as a national duty. Increase in the number of complaints also reflects enhanced public trusted in the NAB.
NABís prime focus is on cases of cheating public at large by fraudulent financial companies, bank frauds, willful bank loan defaults, misuse of authority and embezzlement of state funds by Government servants etc. Since NABís inception, one of NABís major achievements has been the recovery of around Rs. 287/- billion of ill-gotten money which was deposited in the national exchequer which is a remarkable achievement of NAB. NABís operational methodology comprises of complaint verification, inquiry and investigation. NABís officers/officials need to follow strict Code of Conduct/SOPs and merit according to law. Starting from the year 2014 which can be called basically a year of reinvigoration of NAB, we have moved with new zeal and effort. Through detailed introspection and analysis of organizational weaknesses, overhaul of procedures and business processes, all pillars of the organization i.e. Operations, Prosecution, Human Resource Development and Awareness and Prevention have been reactivated.
NAB has established its first Forensic Science Lab (FSL) in NAB Rawalpindi which has facilities of Digital Forensics, Questioned Documents and Fingerprint Analysis. NAB has rationalized its workload and timelines have been prescribed for efficient, effective and expeditious disposal of cases putting a maximum limit of 10 months - from complaint verification-to-inquiry-to-investigation and finally to a reference in the Accountability Court. NAB has also introduced a new System of Combine Investigation Team (CIT) in order to benefit from the experience and collective wisdom of senior supervisory officers, a system of CIT comprising of Director, Additional Director, Investigation Officer and a Senior Legal Counsel has been put in place. This is not only lending quality to the work but also ensuring that no single individual can influence the official proceedings of NAB.
As per the latest report of Transparency International (TI) of 2016, Pakistanís ranking in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) has improved plus 9 points, adding that Pakistan was considering role model in South Asian countries in its efforts against corruption. This is a great achievement for Pakistan due to NAB efforts. The Corruption Perception Index (CPI) in the Pakistan as per Transparency International (TI), report was declining after 2013 due to steps taken by the present management of NAB against the corrupt. Besides Transparency International, the Independent National and International watch dogs like PLIDAT and World Economic Forum had also appreciated Pakistanís efforts to curb corruption in Pakistan.
To create Awareness against the ill effects of corruption among the youth of Pakistan which is our future, NAB in collaboration with Higher Education Commission (HEC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in 2014 and in a very short span of time established over 45, 000 Character Building Societies (CBSs) in the country in universities, colleges and schools to create awareness against corruption as youth are considered a vanguard in this fight. NAB has target that the number of Character Building Societies (CBS) should reach at least at 50 thousands in 2017 in order to aware students about the ill effects of corruption.
Under the leadership of Mr. Qamar Zaman Chaudhry, Chairman NAB, NAB has undertaken a number of strategic initiatives aimed at rejuvenation of the organization. The Organogram was revisited to transform NAB into an efficient and responsive organization. NAB has devised a Quantifiable Grading System (QGS) to monitor the performance of all Regions of NAB on annual basis. From 2015, under Quantifiable Grading System (QGS) NAB is monitoring the performance of all regional NABís and NAB headquarter on annual basis in order to know the strengths and weaknesses of NAB regional Bureaus. NAB has also introduced Internal Accountability Mechanism (IAM) System. Till todate out of 84 officers/officials, 23 officers have been imposed major penalty which is removal from service and 34 have been received minor penalties. This is a record that any organization has initiated Accountability Process within its organization at its own.
NAB has developed an effective Monitoring and Evaluation System (MES) catering the needs of all concerned having salient features of maintenance of data at each stage including complaint entry, complaint verification, inquiry, investigation, prosecution stage and record preservation of Regional Board Meetings and Executive Board Meetings including case brief, decisions made and list of participants attended the meeting with time & date and setting up of an effective Monitoring and Evaluation System and ability to analyze data in qualitative and quantitative form having warnings and alarms system for violators. A pilot Project of NAB Rawalpindi was completed. He said that the outcome of the pilot project of NAB Rawalpindi is being shared with all Regional Bureaus with the directions to replicate it in all regional bureaus of NAB for effective monitoring and evaluation to implement MES system across NAB in order to further improve the working of NAB.
NAB has filed 12 references in the Rs 22 billion Modarba Scam and recovered Rs. I billion and 73 Crore from Modaraba Scam besides properties and vehicles. NAB so far 34 accused persons have been arrested in Modarba scam including Mufti Ehsan-ul-Haq, Mufti Ibrar-ul-Haq, Hafiz Muhammad Nawaz, Moeen Aslam, Obaidullah, Mufti Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, Sajjad Ahmed, Asif Javed, Ghulam Rasool Ayubi, Muhammad Hussain Ahmed, Hamid Nawaz, Muhammad Irfan, Bilal Khan Bangash, Matiur Rehman, Muhammad Numan Qureshi, Syed Aksheed Hussain, Muhammad Adil Butt, Muhammad Saqib,Umair Ahmed and Khan Muhammad.
NAB had hosted the first SAARC Seminar in Islamabad where the heads of SAARC anti-corruption authorities agreed to the creation of SAARC Anti Corruption Forum. Pakistan was elected as first Chairman of SAARC anti Corruption Forum. This is a major achievement both for the NAB as well as the Government. NAB on bilateral cooperation, has signed a MoU with China to streamline and structure and cooperation in the fields of anti-corruption. In the context of CPEC this cooperation will further boost confidence in projects undertaken in Pakistan. Another MoU is proposed to be signed with Malaysia. Details are being worked out On the directions of Mr. Qamar Zaman Chaudhry, Chairman NAB, NAB has started Awareness and Prevention Campaign besides Enforcement drive to aware people about the ill effects of corruption NAB is mandated to carry out Awareness and Prevention functions against corruption in pursuance of section 33C NAO 1999. Under its proactive approach, NAB has been engaging different Governmental and Non-Governmental Organizations and civil society in fight against corruption. NAB strongly believes in eradication of corruption by adopting Zero Tolerance Policy across the country without any fear and favor. NAB hopes that joint efforts of all stakeholders can collaborate to check corruption and corrupt practices before happening with the help of all stakeholders, civil society, media and people at large.